ESMA ESCOLA DE MAGISTRATURA – esta com Telegram para todos!!!

junho 14, 2020

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A ESMA – Escola da Magistratura do Distrito Federal, vinculada à AMAGIS-DF – Associação dos Magistrados do Distrito Federal, é uma instituição vocacionada em promover o ensino jurídico especializado na formação do Direito nos planos teórico e no Direito aplicado.

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A ESMA oferece cursos de especialização e cursos preparatórios.

Iran displayed power by sending tankers to Venezuela: IRGC chief…

junho 14, 2020

“We exercised might and the biggest exercise of our might was imposition of our will and our ships’ move in free waters from the Persian Gulf to Venezuela,” General Salami says.

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro appreciated Iran, China, Russia and Cuba for their assistance to Caracas, describing them as the real friends of his country.
“Humanitarian aid is coming from China, Russia, Iran and Cuba. They are (Venezuela’s) true friends,” Maduro said in a speech broadcast by the state TV on Sunday.
He recalled that the U.S. was offering $20 million worth of help, “but not a single dollar came through”.
Secretary of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) Rear Admiral Ali Shamkhani said on Sunday that the fools who were after besieging Tehran now feel overpowered by Tehran.
“Iranian tankers, having accomplished their mission successfully, are coming back to the country. This means that the strategy of active resistance has been effective and the idiots who were seeking to lay siege on us, have now been trapped in the siege stemming from Iran’s might,” Shamkhani wrote in his Twitter account.
“Trump and Hook’s begging for negotiation testifies to this very claim,” the top security official said.
The fifth ship of Iran’s fuel-carrying flotilla, Clavel, arrived in Venezuela’s territorial waters on Monday, while two others are on the way back home after unloading their cargoes.
The fifth of the Iranian flotilla, carrying gasoline and gasoline products to Venezuela, successfully arrived in the Venezuelan waters on Monday and was escorted by the Latin American state’s Armed Forces.
Meantime, the five Iranian tankers left the country towards Iran last week.
Iran’s fuel supply to Venezuela has sharply irked the U.S. as the oil sectors of both countries are subject to draconian American sanctions.
A U.S. official said last month that President Donald Trump’s administration was considering responses, prompting Tehran to warn of retaliatory measures if Washington causes any problem for the tankers.
In response, President Rouhani said his country is always entitled to defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and warned that if his country’s oil tankers in the Caribbean or anywhere in the world get into trouble by the Americans, Tehran will definitely retaliate.
“Although some of the U.S. measures have created unacceptable conditions in different parts of the world, we will not be the initiator of tension and clash,” Rouhani said in a phone call with the Qatari Emir, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani last month.
Referring to the American moves in the Caribbean, he reiterated, “If our oil tankers face problems in the Caribbean Sea or anywhere in the world by the Americans, they will face problems reciprocally.”
We see the conditions today more apt for cooperation, especially given the outbreak of this disease; but the U.S. continues its incorrect decisions and inhumane behaviors, the president noted.
He made it clear, “As before, we stress that the security of our region, particularly the marine security, is maintained by the regional countries and we have always announced that we are ready for cooperation with the neighboring countries.”
Last Thursday, Caracas announced that the fuel-hungry Latin American country is mulling imports of more gasoline and other oil products from Iran.
The announcement came after Venezuela received five shipments of fuel from Iran in the face of U.S. sanctions.
“Tehran yesterday offered to supply Venezuela with more gasoline and refinery additives. President Maduro very likely will accept the offer because we need the fuel,” an official at Maduro’s office was quoted by price reporting agency Argus Media.
Other officials said the government will ask Iran for further supplies in coming weeks to give state-run oil company PDVSA more time to revive part of its refining capacity.
Maduro said he would visit Iran once health conditions resulting from the new coronavirus outbreak permit in order to thank the Iranian government and sign a “high-level bilateral agreement strengthening energy, financial and military ties”.
“I am obliged to go to personally thank the people,” Maduro said in a state television address, without providing a date for the visit.

Hook claims Iran sanctions produced ‘excellent results’

junho 14, 2020

TEHRAN — The United States is working to renew the arms embargo on Iran, claims U.S. special representative for Iran Brian Hook, adding that sanctions on the Islamic Republic had produced “excellent results”.
“The sanctions on Tehran have led to excellent results and we have deprived the Iranian regime of billions of dollars thanks to the sanctions,” Hook said, speaking to Brett D. Schaefer of the Heritage Foundation during an online session.

Two years after the United States withdrew from the Iran nuclear deal, the Trump administration is looking to extend a UN ban on conventional arms sales to and from Iran, a strategy designed to kill the deal for good.
In a May 9 statement marking the second anniversary of the Trump administration’s withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo pledged to “exercise all diplomatic options” to extend the UN ban on conventional arms sales to and from Iran beyond its current expiry date on October 18.
Hook also claimed that Iran was at the forefront of sponsoring terrorism and added that lifting the arms embargo on Tehran would provide the Islamic Republic “an opportunity to destabilize the region.”
“Iran is an isolated country and does not enjoy international support,” he claimed, adding that the U.S. dispute with other countries over policy on Iran was “tactical and not substantive.”
“Russia and China want to sell arms to Iran, and the embargo does not suit them,” he claimed.
Hook further said that “not arming Iran contributes to bringing stability to the Middle East.”
He said U.S. President Donald Trump had been “very strong against Iran,” adding that “the Iranian regime is languishing under great pressure and the door is open to diplomacy … President Trump will continue to pressure and Iran must respond.”
Meanwhile, Tehran has strongly rejected the U.S. president’s calls for talks under pressure, arguing that it was the U.S., not Iran and other parties to the nuclear pact, that left the negotiating table.
Trump walked away from the nuclear agreement, officially called the JCPOA, on May 8, 2018 and introduced a “maximum pressure” policy against Iran in order to force Tehran to negotiate a new deal.
On May 8, 2019, Iran started to remove curbs on its nuclear program. It happened exactly one year after the U.S. abandoned the nuclear deal and imposed the harshest sanctions in history against Iran in line with the Trump administration’s “maximum pressure” campaign on Tehran.
From the very beginning that Iran started to remove ban on its nuclear program, officials in Tehran announced if the European Union, especially its big trio (Germany, France, and Britain which are signatory the deal), takes steps to compensate the sanctions’ effect it will immediately reverse its decision.

Fonte: Tehran Times

Tehran says will never surrender to U.S. sanctions…

junho 14, 2020

TEHRAN — Tehran says it will never surrender to the United States’ maximum pressure policy, urging Washington to abandon its illegal measures.
“American authorities divide the sanctions into different categories, making it difficult for themselves only,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi said on Wednesday.
“The Islamic Republic will not surrender because of such sanctions and pressures,” Mousavi added, according to Mehr.
The comments by the spokesman came as the congressional Republicans are about to unveil a sweeping piece of legislation outlining sanctions aimed at Iran, Russia and China, Washington Free Beacon reported Monday.
According to the magazine, what promises to be “the largest package of Iran sanctions in history” is set to be revealed on Wednesday. The backers of this plan hope to receive some Democratic support both in the Senate and in the House of Representatives, where they do not hold a majority.
Mousavi urged the U.S. to abandon its unilateral, illegal actions and instead abide by international laws and regulations.
The world should wake up and stand against extra-territorial measures of the United States, he emphasized.
The Iranian presidential chief of staff said on Tuesday that Republicans in the United States must counter racism and injustice in their own country instead of preparing sanctions plan against Iran.
“The United States’ Republicans must think about preparing a plan to erase structural injustice and racism in the United States and establish peace and security for the people of this country instead of preparing sanction plan against the Iranian nation,” Mahmoud Vaezi tweeted.
In May 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew from the 2015 nuclear deal and re-imposed illegal sanctions on Iran. Bowing to U.S. pressure, the European trio — Britain, Germany, and France which are signatory to the nuclear deal — has failed to protect Tehran’s business interests under the JCPOA against the American bans.
Meanwhile, Russia’s permanent representative to the Vienna-based international organizations has said that Washington’s maximum pressure policy on Iran has increased tensions in the Persian Gulf and caused reduced commitments of Tehran under the Iran nuclear deal.
“U.S. claims that its maximum pressure policy on Iran is effective,” Mikhail Ulyanov tweeted on Monday. “Yes, results are very clear: increased tension in the P.Gulf, suffering of people in #Iran, reduced commitments of Tehran under #JCPOA, weakened non- proliferation regime.”
He added, “But is there anything positive? No answer.”
On May 8, 2019, Iran started to remove curbs on its nuclear program exactly one year after the U.S. abandoned the nuclear deal and imposed the harshest sanctions in history against Iran in line with the Trump administration’s “maximum pressure” campaign on Tehran.
From the very beginning that Iran started to remove ban on its nuclear program, officials in Tehran announced if the European Union, especially its big trio (Germany, France, and Britain which are signatory the deal), takes steps to compensate the sanctions’ effect it will immediately reverse its decision.

Fonte: Tehran Times 11-06-2020.

Death row spy arrested months before Gen. Soleimani assassination: Judiciary..

junho 14, 2020

TEHRAN — Iran’s Judiciary said a man sentenced to death for spying for the CIA and Mossad on the whereabouts of martyr Lieutenant General Qassem Soleimani had been arrested four months before the U.S. assassination of the top Iranian general.
The case of Seyed Mahmoud Mousavi-Majd has nothing to do with the American assassination of General Soleimani in Baghdad in early January, the Judiciary’s press office announced on Tuesday, according to Tasnim.
Mousavi-Majd was arrested months before that incident and the court had issued an initial ruling on his case on August 25, 2019, the Judiciary said, explaining that the convict has never been released from custody since apprehension.
Earlier on Tuesday, Judiciary spokesman Gholamhossein Esmaeili announced that Mousavi-Majd was put on the death row for gathering intelligence about the whereabouts of General Soleimani.
“Recently, a person named Seyed Mahmoud Mousavi-Majd, who had

connections with Mossad and CIA and provided them with intelligence on security issues such as the Guards Quds Force and the location of martyr Qassem Soleimani in exchange for U.S. dollars was sentenced to death by the Revolution Court, and the verdict has been confirmed by the Supreme Court and will be implemented soon,” Esmaeili announced during a press conference.
On January 3, U.S. President Donald Trump ordered airstrikes that killed General Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, the second-in-command of Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Units (PMU), in Baghdad’s international airport.
Soleimani was recognized internationally as a legendary commander in the war against terrorist groups, especially Daesh (ISIS).
In the early hours of January 8, the IRGC fired dozens of ballistic missiles at a military airbase hosting U.S. forces in Iraq as part of its promised “tough revenge” for the terrorist attack.
Subsequently, Tehran warned the United States against any act of military action, asserting that the U.S. will face the “fiercest response” if it makes the slightest move against Iran.
Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Iran starts no war, but teaches lessons to those who do.
t be misled by usual warmongers, again,” Zarif warned Trump.

Fonte: Tehran Times 11-06-2020

U.S. attempts to revive Iranian sanctions can put UNSC in crisis: Russia..

junho 14, 2020

By staff and agency
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said on Tuesday that the United States’ threats to raise the question of restoring all previously lifted sanctions against Iran may lead to a serious crisis within the UN Security Council.
“I think it’s outrageous that the U.S. administration now tries to freely pick and choose what serves its interests in complete rejection of the views of the others and even in complete rejection of the common sense, trying to defeat JCPOA,” TASS quoted Ryabkov as saying during a videoconference of the New York Council on Foreign Relations.
“If this will happen the way as you suggest and, as many think-tankers, many op-ed writers, just people knowledgeable of this believe, would happen, then we will inevitably end in a severe crisis situation at the Security Council,” the Russian diplomat continued. “And it would be a huge blow to the sovereignty of the Security Council, and the U.S. will bear responsibility for this.”
He said Washington withdrew from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran’s nuclear program, which envisages the mechanism of triggering the ‘snapback’ sanctions, “subsequently approved by the UN Security Council resolution.”
His comments were made in response to U.S. officials’ words, who said that Washington would seek to restore all previously cancelled sanctions against Iran if the UN Security Council fails to preserve the embargo on weapons supplies to Tehran, which expires this fall.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov has called the United States’ attempts to impose a permanent arms embargo against Iran “ridiculous” and “irresponsible”.
In a letter to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and the Security Council circulated Monday, Lavrov accused the Trump administration of unleashing a politically motivated campaign against Iran and called for “universal condemnation” of the U.S. attempts, AP report.

Fonte: Tehran Times 11-06-2020

Iranians have ‘broken U.S. knee’ through unity: Rouhani!!

junho 14, 2020

1 Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Khamenei also said on June 3 that a police officer put his knee on a black man’s neck and pushed until he died, noting it shows the nature of the United States.
Ayatollah Khamenei said such crimes have frequently happened in the past, and the U.S. has done the same things in many countries including Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria and other countries.
Pointing to the slogan of “I cannot breathe,” which the U.S. people have been chanting in recent days, Ayatollah Khamenei said, “This is what the nations that have been the victims of United States’ oppressive usurpation want to say from the bottom of their hearts.”
Rouhani and Foreign Minister Zarif have described the illegal sanctions on Iran by the U.S. administration as economic terrorism.
Later, Zarif said “U.S. economic terrorism is supplanted by its medical terrorism” as Washington has even blocked financial channels to import medical supplies to the country to control the spread of the coronavirus.
By announcing a total ban on Iran’s oil export, the Trump administration intended to suffocate the Iranian economy. Rouhani urges Russia, China to counter U.S. plots
Rouhani also said that Iran expects permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, especially friendly countries of Russia and China, to stand against the U.S. plots.
Rouhani noted that arms embargo on Iran will expire in October based on the resolution 2231 which endorses the 2015 nuclear deal, adding the U.S. seeks to hatch plots and draft a resolution and send it to the UN Security Council for approval.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Kelly Craft have said that extending a permanent arms embargo against Iran is now a top priority for Washington.
On Monday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov accused the Trump administration of unleashing a politically motivated campaign against Iran and he called for “universal condemnation” of the U.S. attempt to get the UN Security Council to impose a permanent arms embargo. ‘We will promote our defense power’
Rouhani also said that the U.S. plots will fail and Iran will promote its deterrence power.
“The United States must know that Iran will promote defense power in any condition even if they [the U.S.] bring the case to the Security Council and cause harm to the 2231 resolution,” he said.

Fonte: Tehran Times 11-06-2020

EMAGIS ESTUDOS JURÍDICOS

junho 3, 2020

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PROGRAMA DE ESTUDO: MAGISTRATURA ESTADUAL

Emagis Cursos Jurídicos iniciou suas atividades em 2010 com a missão de proporcionar uma preparação de excelência para candidatos aos concursos públicos mais exigentes, notadamente aqueles voltados às carreiras jurídicas de Estado (magistratura, ministério público, defensoria pública, advocacia pública e carreiras policiais), reunindo professores com largo histórico de aprovações nos mais diversos certames e ampla experiência profissional nessas carreiras e no magistério jurídico.

Desde então, temos nos destacado pela já consagrada qualidade de nosso conteúdo jurídico e de nossa exclusiva plataforma virtual, constantemente aperfeiçoada por uma competente equipe de programadores em ordem a utilizar dos mais avançados recursos tecnológicos a fim de levar aos nossos alunos uma experiência única de aprendizado,  potencializando a eficiência dos estudos, otimizando o tempo disponível e ofertando um treinamento intensivo por meio dos mais variados cursos voltados a todas as etapas dos mais exigentes concursos públicos. São programas de estudocursos em videoaulasimulados de prova oral e rodadas semanais de questões objetivasdiscursivaspeças processuais e sentenças, com correção personalizada pelos nossos professores e novos exercícios que se renovam semana a semana, incansavelmente!

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Nétanyahou offensif à l’ouverture de son procès

junho 2, 2020

Pour le premier ministre israélien, les enquêteurs ont fabriqué des charges contre lui!!

Benyamin Nétanyahou se tient debout dans la chambre 317 du tribunal de district de Jérusalem, au premier jour de son procès, dimanche 24 mai peu avant 15 heures. Il s’entretient en aparté avec son avocat. Autour du premier ministre israélien, ses coaccusés se tiennent assis à bonne distance les uns des autres :

Arnon Mozes et Shaul Elovitch, deux des principaux patrons de médias du pays, ainsi que l’épouse de M. Elovitch, Iris. Ils se lèvent à l’entrée des trois juges.

Voilà la première image. Elle est décevante pour les photographes de presse. Le premier ministre a attendu qu’ils quittent la salle pour s’asseoir à son tour

sur le banc des accusés, où il demeure la nuque droite pendant une petite heure, jetant de brefs coups d’oeil à la procureure Liat Ben Ari, assise à deux mètres de lui, sur sa gauche. Simple justiciable Durant trois ans, Mme Ben Ari a dirige cette enquête. Ils se voient pour la première fois. L’audience est formelle. Le premier minister doit entendre les charges qui present sur lui. Fraude, abus de confiance et corruption. Ce dernier chef est passible d’une peine pouvant aller jusqu’à dix ans de prison.

La présidente, Rivka FriedmanFeldman, met un point d’honneur à nommer M. Nétanyahou par son nom, en simple justiciable, quand ses avocats lui accolent systématiquement son

titre de premier ministre, le premier dans l’histoire d’Israël à affronter un procès durant son mandat. Puis elle l’interroge : atil

compris ces charges ? Oui.  C’est le seul mot qu’on l’entendra prononcer durant l’audience. M. Nétanyahou est poursuivi dans trois affaires distinctes. Dans la plus grave, le dossier 4 000, il est accusé d’avoir fait modifier le cadre juridique régulant le marché des télécoms, en offrant un avantage financier à l’opérateur Bezeq. En échange, son ancien propriétaire, M. Elovitch, aurait facilité une couverture positive de M. Nétanyahou dans son média en ligne Walla !.

Dans la deuxième affaire, le dossier 2 000, M. Nétayahou est poursuivi pour avoir promis à M. Mozes, propriétaire du grand quotidien Yediot Aharonot, une réduction, par le Parlement, de la circulation du journal gratuit de la droite, Israel Hayom. Dans le dossier 1 000, M. Nétanyahou est enfin accusé d’avoir reçu de deux milliardaires israélien et austraa prêté serment le 17 mai. Il se tenait aux côtés de son rival, le ministre de la défense, Benny Gantz,

qui doit lui succéder en novembre 2021, selon leur accord d’union. M. Gantz a redit dimanche sobrement qu’il avait foi dans le système judiciaire.

L’agenda officiel de M. Nétanyahou ne faisait pas mention de son Rendezvous au tribunal, où il a pénétré par une porte secondaire, loin de la presse, confinée quant à elle dans deux étages inférieurs, et dans des salles ou l’audience serait diffusée en circuit fermé.

Au troisième étage, M. Nétanyahou a retrouvé pás moins de quatorze parlementaires et ministres de son parti, Le Likoud, dont le ministre de la sécurité intérieure, Amir Ohana, qui supervise l’action de la police. C’est la seconde image de ce procès: devant ses fidèles en rangs serrés, face à une caméra, il lance un défi à la cour.

Pas un caniche Il accuse la police et les procureursd’avoir fabriqué sur mesure

des charges ridicules et infectées. Il blâme tout à la fois la presse, la gauche et l’élite judiciaire, puisque, d’un commun accord, elles auraient, selon lui, résolu

de le faire chuter. L’objectif, ditil, est de faire tomber un premier

ministre de droite fort ET d’éloigner le camp nationaliste de la direction du pays pour des années . Dans quel but ? Pour M. Nétanyahou, ses adversaires

entendent l’empêcher d’imposer enfin la « souveraineté » israélienne en JudéeSamarie. C’estàdire d’annexer tout ou partie des colonies en Cisjordanie occupée, comme l’y engage le plan Trump dévoilé en janvier, et comme il a promis de s’y employer après le 1er juillet. M. Nétanyahou n’est pas un

caniche, souritil : il ne se laissera pas faire. Il demande à ce que les prochaines audiences soient diffusées en direct à la télévision.

Ce faisant, il cherche à faire fusionner les deux espaces où se tient son procès. Que plus rien ne distingue l’arène médiatique, ou ses partisans dénoncent un

coup d’Etat, de cette pièce exiguë aux allures de salle de classe, avec ses murs beiges sans apprêt, ses bancs de bois vernis et ses stores métalliques qui couvrent deux fenêtres closes, à travers lesquelles résonnent les chants

des partisans du premier ministre, rassemblés dans une ruelle

voisine.

Certains parmi eux reprennent une comparaison, lancée dimanche matin par le fils de M. Nétanyahou, Yaïr, qui déplore l’ouverture

d’un nouveau procès Dreyfus. Ils conspuent le procureur général du pays, Avichaï Mandelblit, qui a inculpé M. Nétanyahou en novembre 2019. Cet officiel a porté plainte à la mimai, après avoir reçu, quarantehuit

heures durant, un flot de menaces chez lui, par téléphone, dans une campagne d’intimidation qu’il estime coordonnée. Dimanche aprèsmidi,

il a rejeté les accusations de collusion de M. Nétanyahou, affirmant : Nous agirons sans peur.

La suite de l’audience a donné un avantgoût de ce lent parcours judiciaire. Les avocats des prévenus ont demandé plusieurs móis pour se familiariser avec un dossier d’une épaisseur exceptionnelle. Certains éléments ne leur

ont été transmis que la semaine dernière, d’autres leur demeurent inconnus, notamment des échanges entre policiers et procureurs, tenus sous le sceau de la confidentialité, qu’ils chercheront à l’avenir à lever.

L’avocat de M. Nétanayhou, l’ancien procureur Micha Fettman,

tout juste embauché, n’a pas masqué l’étendue de son

ignorance des dossiers, demandant à la Cour plus d’un an pour

les étudier, et deux à trois móis avant d’émettre de premières requêtes.

En fin d’aprèsmidi, les juges ont fixé un délai relativement

court avant la prochaine audience préliminaire, qui aura lieu le 19 juillet, sans que les prévenus ne soient tenus d’y assister. Il leur faudra alors statuer sur la nécessité d’auditionner chacun des trois cents témoins potentiels.

Ce processus ne commencera, au mieux, qu’après l’été. Il pourrait s’étendre sur plusieurs années. 

louis imbert Benyamin Nétanyahou entouré de ministres et de parlementaires de son parti, le Likoud, avant son entrée au tribunal, à Jérusalem, le 24 mai.

FONTE: LE MONDE

YONATHAN SINDEL/AFP

HONGKONG COMMENT PÉKIN VEUT IMPOSER SA LOI..

junho 2, 2020

L’Assemblée populaire chinoise va adopter le 28 mai la loi de sécurité nationale. En raison de la brutalité de la police, les manifestations ont été modestes sur l’île.

Comment Pékin veut sécuriser Hongkong!!

Cest jeudi 28 mai que l’Assemblée populaire nationale chinoise (ANP) va adopter la loi visant à sauvegarder La sécurité nationale dans la région administrative spéciale de Hongkong . Cette loi comprend sept articles dont trois apparaissent majeurs. Le deuxième precise que la Chine « s’oppose fermement » à toute interférence de forces étrangères à Hongkong. L’article 4 autorise les organes chinois destinés à protéger la sécurité nationale à s’établir à Hongkong et à y développer leurs activités. Le sixième article, Le plus important, autorise Pékin à élaborer les lois destinées à sauvegarder la sécurité nationale à Hongkong et « à prévenir, stopper ou punir toute conduite qui met sérieusement en danger la sécurité nationale, telle que le séparatisme, la subversion du pouvoir d’Etat, ou l’organisation ou l’exécution d’activités terroristes aussi bien que des activités des forces étrangères et menées de l’étranger qui interfèrent dans les affaires de Hongkong ». Protéger la sécurité nationale Pour Pékin, la situation actuelle résulte d’un échec : celui des autorités de Hongkong qui, depuis la rétrocession à la Chine de l’ancienne colonie britannique en 1997, ne sont jamais parvenus à mettre en oeuvre l’article 23 de La miniConstitution.

Celuici Prévoit que les autorités de la région administrative spéciale adoptent une législation permettant d’interdire « tout acte de trahison, sécession, sédition et subversion. Cellesci ont bien tenté de le faire dès 2003 mais ont renoncé devant les protestations de la population.

Déjà, à l’époque, Pékin avait eu le sentiment d’avoir été trahi. Le coeur du peuple de Hongkong désavoue son pays natal, déploraient les autorités. Depuis, toute réforme politique d’envergure a été gelée. L’article 23 n’a jamais jusqu’ici été promulgué. Mais les Hongkongais n’ont pas obtenu non plus l’élec l’élection du chef de l’exécutif au suffrage universel, elle aussi prévue par la Constitution.

Ce débat, récurrent depuis 2003, a rebondi en 2019 lors des manifestations contre la tentative Du gouvernement de Hongkong de faire passer une loi facilitant lês extraditions vers la Chine. Les manifestations monstres des 9 et 16 juin ont pris Pékin par surprise. Le représentant de Pékin à Hongkong a d’ailleurs été entretemps remplacé. La dégradation et l’occupation des locaux du Parlement, la profanation du drapeau chinois à diverses reprises, l’envahissement et l’occupation de l’aéroport en août ont conduit Pékin à rapidement qualifier les manifestants de séparatistes, terroristes et de les comparer aux manifestations de couleur  inspirées, selon les Chinois, par les Occidentaux.

Pour Pékin, protéger la sécurité nationale est une responsabilité constitutionnelle de la région administrative spéciale, et non une option à sa discrétion, resume un éditorial du China Daily dês 2324 mai. Déjà, fin octobre 2019, le Plénum du comité central Du Parti communiste avait indique qu’il fallait gouverner de façon rigoureuse les régions administratives spéciales de Hongkong et de Macao, en stricte conformité avec la Constitution et la Loi fondamentale qui régit Hongkong. Em clair, mettre en oeuvre l’article 23.

Pour le gouvernement chinois, c’est le désordre qui règne à Hongkong

depuis l’été 2019 – et non

bien sûr la répression – qui déstabilise l’économie de l’île. Or, pour

Pékin, qui passe sous silence Le succès des démocrates aux élections locales de novembre 2019, l’opposition tire surtout sa force du soutien que lui apportent lês Occidentaux.

L’opposition, à coup sûr, utilise des forces extérieures antichinoises pour contrecarrer les tentatives du gouvernement de la région administrative spéciale de remplir ses obligations , poursuit le China Daily.

Répondant, dimanche 24 mai, à une question sur la situation à Hongkong, Wang Yi, le minister chinois des affaires étrangères, a commencé par rappeler que la noningérence est un príncipe fondamental des relations internationales .

Les événements de Hongkong et les réactions de Pékin illustrent les différences de conception qui opposent le pouvoir chinois et les Occidentaux. Alors que l’Occident pense que la promotion de La démocratie libérale peut contribuer à la paix globale et à la prospérité, le Parti communiste chinois

tient la promotion dans le monde des “soidisant valeurs universelles” pour responsable de conflits et de désordres dans le monde », résumait, lundi 27 avril, la chercheuse Nadege Rolland, du National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) devant une commission du Congrès américain.

Pour Pékin, ces soidisant valeurs universelles – tout comme les traités internationaux – ne sont que la résultante d’un rapport de force qui a été favorable à l’Occident durant la seconde partie du XXe siècle mais qui ne correspondent plus à un siècle caractérisé par une montée en puissance

de la Chine. Pour Wang Yi, la Chine et les EtatsUnis ont des systèmes sociaux different mais cela résulte de choix different faits par [leurs] peuples et

[ils] d[oivent] les respecter (…).

La Chine entend défendre sa souveraineté et son intégrité territoriale, son droit légitime au développement, sa dignité et la place dans le monde pour laquelle le peuple chinois a tant fait. La Chine n’a pas l’intention de changer et encore moins de remplacer lês EtatsUnis.

Il est temps pour lês EtatsUnis d’abandonner leur voeu pieux de vouloir changer La Chine », a résumé le ministre avant d’accuser Washington de conduire les deux pays au bord de la guerre froide.

Dans cette optique, les traités internationaux comme les contrats peuvent donc être remis en question lorsque la situation évolue.

Face aux Occidentaux qui critiquent la Chine parce qu’elle ne

respecte pas la déclaration sinobritannique de 1984 par laquelle Pékin s’engage à laisser à Hongkong un haut degré d’autonomie durant cinquante

ans, le ministère des affaires étrangères chinois a plusieurs fois dans le passé qualifié ce texte de  document historique qui n’a plus de signification pratique.

Le 16 août 2019, les manifestants de Hongkong avaient appelé Washington à exhumer um texte mis en veilleuse depuis La révolution des parapluies » de 2014 – le Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act  – quiconditionne le traitement particulier accordé par les EtatsUnis à

la place financière de Hongkong au degré d’autonomie dont dispose cette région. Ils ont été entendus. Cette loi a été adoptée à l’automne et promulguée dans La foulée par Donald Trump. Pour Pékin, elle est le symbole meme d’une époque révolue.

FONTE: LE MONDE

frédéric lemaître


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